A review of the active ingredients and excipients in cough medicine

  • Lynn Lambert Amayeza Information Services
Keywords: cough, excipients, active ingredients


Coughing is one of the most common complaints with which customers present in the pharmacy. Besides understanding the nature and possible causes of coughing, the pharmacist’s assistant must be knowledgeable about the various available cough preparations before making recommendations regarding treatment. It is also important to know when the patient requires referral to a doctor for further medical evaluation. Coughing is a protective reflex action caused when the airway is irritated or obstructed. Its purpose is to clear the airway so that breathing can continue normally by preventing unwanted particles from entering the lungs and to clear excessive secretions. The majority of coughs with which patients present in the pharmacy are caused by a viral upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) or are associated with the symptoms of a cold.

Author Biography

Lynn Lambert, Amayeza Information Services
BPharm Amayeza Information Services
Ear, nose and throat