Childhood diseases: Focus on measles
Measles, also known as rubeola, is a highly contagious viral illness. In the pre-vaccination era, measles was a near universal childhood infection and more than 90% of children had measles before 15 years of age. It also caused approximately 2.6 million deaths annually.
While vaccination against measles has resulted in a 73% reduction in measles deaths between 2000 and 2018, measles is still common in many developing countries, especially in parts of Africa and Asia.