Heartburn and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition that occurs when acid from the stomach leaks up into the oesophagus and/or mouth. Almost everyone has heartburn caused by acid reflux from time to time. Occasional reflux is normal and may occur in healthy infants, children, and adults, most often after eating a meal. Most episodes are brief and do not cause bothersome symptoms or complications. In contrast, people with GORD experience annoying symptoms or damage to the oesophagus as a result of acid reflux. GORD is a chronic condition and once it begins, it usually is life-long.