Iron deficiency in female endurance athletes
Iron is an essential micronutrient that performs multiple functions in the human body. If our diets do not contain sufficient iron, we may develop iron deficiency. A lack of iron can be damaging to health and is linked to poor exercise performance. Female endurance athletes are at a higher risk of developing iron deficiency than other athlete populations due to menstruation, the iron losses caused by exercise and the inadequate intake of iron-rich foods. Iron supplementation and dietary modification can help to prevent and treat iron deficiency in female endurance athletes.